“Memorial to Three Patriots Unveiled”
In 1967, the 50th anniversary of the death of Thomas Ashe, a memorial was unveiled at Glasnevin Cemetery in honour of Thomas Ashe, Peadar Kearney and Piaras Beaslai by former Fianna Eireann Chief of Staff Mr Eamon Martin.
The headstone was erected from a fund raised by a memorial committee appointed by the Association of the Old Dublin Brigade of the IRA, of which Beaslai was a one-time president.
The following are extracts from a report that featured in the Irish Independent the day after the unveiling:
“A memorial of Kilkenny limestone sculptured in the shape of a scroll was unveiled in the republican plot, Glasnevin Cemetry, to commemorate the three patriots and poets, Thomas Ashe, Peader Kearney and Piaras Beaslai, who are buried in the same grave.
At the front of the stone is a couplet from one of the poems of Beaslai:
“The freedom, fair name and happiness of the Gael were my only desires from my earliest days”.
The unveiling ceremony was performed by Mr Eamon Martin, former Chief of Staff of Fianna Eireann, who, since the death of Piaras Beaslai in 1965, is the last surviving member of the Provisional Committee of the Irish Volunteers.
The Memorial in 2017. Credit: Niall Oman, Glasnevin.
More than 400 people attended the ceremony held in brilliant sunshine, including 200 Old IRA comrades from many parts of the country.
General Richard Mulcahy, who was second in command to Comdt. Thomas Ashe at the Battle of Ashbourne, in an oration, said they were making a grave of significance where the memory of three mingled lives would, as the days passed, enlighten their memories, enoble their emotions and inspire their doings.
Present at yesterday’s ceremony were surviving relatives of the patriots. These included Miss Nora Ashe and Mr Gregory Ashe, sister and brother of Thomas Ashe; John Kearney, Mrs Margaret Burke and Mrs Maura Slater, brother and sisters of Peadar Kearney, and Messr. B Green and R. Sheehan, cousin of Piaras Beaslai.
Others present included: Mr. Vincent Byrne, Chairman of the Dublin Brigade, Old IRA and Chairman of the Piaras beaslai Memorial Committee, Colonel J B Lawless, who served under Thomas Ashe at the Battle of Ashbourne, and Mr Martin Walton, Vice-Chairman of the Memorial Committee.”
“My countrymen, awake! arise!
Our work begins anew!”
Autograph of Herbert ‘Barney’ Mellows, a brother of Liam, and Adjutant-General of Fianna Eireann. The entry is in an autograph book from Frongoch in 1916.
The text is a reference to a 19th century poem by Denis Florence MacCarthy entitled “A New Year’s Song”. An appropriate quote, and fitting for the time, and the situation Barney and his comrades found themselves in following the Easter Rising!!
Autograph source: http://www.kilmainhamgaolautographbooks.ie/
I gCuimhne Liam Uí Mhaolíosa
Liam Mellows Memorial – December 1944
Dhá bhliain is fiche ó shoin – ar an 8ú lá de Mhí na Nollag, 1922 – cuireadh Liam Ó Maolíosa chun báis. I litir chun a mháthar óna chilín i bPriosún Chnuic an Áthais, tamaillín sul ar cuireadh chun báis é, dúirt sé go mba mhian leis “luí go suaimhneach lá éigean in áit éigin chiúin le h-ais mo sheanathar is mo sheanmháhar in mBaile an Chaisleáin, marb ionann is i measc poimpe saoghalta Ghlasnaoidhin.”
Do réir na méinne sin, luíoonn sé lena shinnsearaibh in uaigh uaighnigh in mBaile an Chaisleáin. Ach níl aon chomhartha aitheantais ar an uaigh sin.
Ar mholadh sean-chairde Liam d’Fhianna Éireann, tá coiste bunaithe chun airgid do bhailiú le tógáil Cuimhneacháin agus, ar an lá seo cuimhne a bhásaithe, tá achainí dá chur chuigh fir is mná Éireannacha ar fud an domhain chun cúnamh a thabhairt le Cuimhneachán buan a thógáil don saighdiúir mór-chroidheach seo na h-Éireann.
Eiseamláir lonnrach ab ea a shaol do na glúnaibh atá le teacht agus ba chúis dubhróin le lucht Poblacht Éireann uile a bhás – trua de thruaibh “cogadh an gcarad.” Tá ard-ionad ag an sloinne Ó Maolíosa i measc na bhfear is na mban gur dhein cuid de stair na h-Éireann d’á n-ainmneacha.
Achnímíd go muiníneach ort cahbrú linn i dtógáil Chuimhneacháin a dhéanfadh onóir don ‘Ghael bhreá chróga úd.”
Glacfaidh na Cisteoirí Onóracha, nó ball ar bith den Choiste seo leanas, go buíoch le síntiúisí i gcóir an Chiste. Gheobhaid gach duine íocfaidh síntiús admháil oifigiúil.
Twenty two years ago – on a December morning in 1922 – Liam Mellows was executed in Mountjoy Prison. In an inspiring letter to his mother, shortly before his execution, he expressed a wish that “some day he might rest in some quiet place – beside grandfather and grandmother in Castletown, not amid the worldly pomp of Glasnevin.” In accordance with that wish, he sleeps with his Wexford forebears in a lonely grave at Castletown. But that grave is unmarked.
On the initiative of Liam’s former comrades of Fianna Éireann, a Memorial Committee has now been formed, and, on the twenty-second anniversary of his execution, an appeal is made to patriotic Irishmen and women at home and in foreign lands for assistance in raising an enduring monument to this great-hearted soldier of Ireland.
From his boyhood the cause of Irish Freedom was the inspiration of his dreams and he sealed this devotion to that sacred cause with his blood. Our nation cherishes the memory of his dauntless courage, unshakable purpose and selfless zeal and his name ranks high amongst the treasured name in Ireland’s roll of fame.
We appeal with confidence to all who shared his aspirations to help in raising a memorial that will be worthy of a “brave ad splendid Gael.” Contributions to the Memorial Fund will be gratefully received by the Hon. Treasurers or by an of those whose names are signed to this appeal. An official receipt will be issued to each subscriber.
Chairman Denis Allen T.D. Raheengurren, Gorey
Vice-Chairman Robert Moran M.C.C. Paul Quay, Wexford.
Hon Treasurers Thomas Brennan T.D., Carnew Co. Wicklow
Tomás D. Ó Sionóid, ‘Carraig Ruadh’, Wexford
Hon. Secretaries Micheál Ó Ciarbbháin, St. John’s Villas, Enniscorthy,
Pádraig Tóibín, Bohreen Hill, Enniscorthy
Representatives, National Association of Old Fianna:
Éamon Martin, Seafort Lodge, Wiliamstown, Co. Dublin
Joseph Reynolds, 47 Donnellan Avenue, Mount Brown, Dublin
Gabriel O’Brien, 60 Church Road, East Wall, Dublin.
James Carroll, 73 Harold’s Cross Road, Dublin.
Text courtesy of Pauline Allen. Photographs by Eamon Murphy
Na Fianna Éireann in Cork City, 1910-1924 by Graham Harrington
Na Fianna Éireann in Cork City was established in 1910 by youth who were involved in the Cork branch of the Gaelic League. Cork at this time was referred to contemptously as “khaki Cork” for its lack of republican activity. The first nationalist organisation founded in Cork was the Cork Celtic Literary Society. Other groups such as the GAA, Conradh na Gaeilge(Gaelic League) were formed subsequently. Interest in cultural activities grew in time, with Margaret Buckley, organiser of the womens’ group Inghinidhe na hÉireann reporting that over 100 people were attending the groups’ Irish language and history classes. Following the activities of the Irish Republican Brotherhood in infiltrating organisations involved in the Cultural Revival, local republicans set about building a network.
In 1910, Na Fianna Éireann was established in Cork by republicans involved in the O’Growney Branch of the Gaelic League. Its key organisers included: Tómas MacCurtain, Seán O’Hegarty, Seán O’Sullivan, Paddy Corkery, Miceal Ó Cuill, Tadhg Barry, Martin Donovan, Miceall O’Neill, Donnchadh O’Donnaghue, and Ned Rochford. Walter Furlong was appointed the first scoutmaster in the city. Seán O’Sullivan was elected secretary and Tomás MacCurtain was elected treasurer. These were the main organisers in the city up until members joined the Irish Volunteers which was established in 1913.
Recruitment was gradual, in 1912, 12 boys jumped ship from the Baden-Powell scouts after seeing the Na Fianna while on a visit to Dublin. After this, the numbers in Cork grew to around 30. They boys worked on increasing their profile around the city. Between 1912-1913, the boys put up anti-recruitment posters across Cork as part of an anti-British Army recruitment campaign. They also lived up to their reputation as scouts. Christy Monahan took over from Walter Furlong as scoutmaster. He encouraged training in map reading, knots, morse, semaphore, first-aid, tent pitching, tracking, scoutcraft, history and Irish classes. Members came mainly from poor, working-class backgrounds. They got their uniforms themselves, usually paying between 2ds and 3ds, although if this was too much, the organisation would cover costs. Parades and classes were held three nights a week, and route marches almost every Saturday, except in winter. Camps were held, such as in Blarney and Ballincollig. Discipline was strict, there was even an order that “members of Na Fianna would not appear on the streets in uniform while in the company of girls.”
However, this discipline stood to them. In 1913, during the annual public procession in Wilton, Fianna provided a guard of honour, which increased its public profile. It also laid wreathes at Fenian graves, in St. Finbarr’s Cemetery in the city and beyond. It held a commeration for the Manchester Martyrs. The boys regularly clashed with the Baden-Powell scouts, with Damian Lawlor writing: “In Cork City, proximity and opportunity also brought conflict. The Fianna headquarters was located only 200 yards from the offices of the Ancient Order of Hibernians’s scouts, and the Baden-Powell Scouts were also numerous. As a result, violence erupted on a regular basis between the groups.” They were also involved in a guard of honour for Gaelic scholars Kuno Keyer and Peter O’Leary which further helped its reputation.
Between 1913-1916, membership growth was steady, with numbers growing from 30 to about 100 with two slua in the city. The Irish Volunteers were founded in 1913, which gave a great boosts to the Fianna nationally and in Cork. Members of the Na Fianna assisted the Volunteers from the beginning. Members of the Fianna were present when the Volunteers were established at a meeting in Cork City Hall in 1913. When trouble broke out at the meeting, with fists flying, the Fianna preserved order and protected the panel, which included Roger Casement.The Fianna were allowed use of the Irish Volunteers’ premises in An Dún, Queen St. In 1914, which gave it its first official meeting place in Cork. At the first public parade of the Irish Volunteers, they were led by a lone Fian playing the bagpipes. The local boys also assisted the Volunteers with the anti-recruitment campaign, putting up posters and disrupting cinemas which showed recruitment films, pelting the screens with eggs. Members also assisted in the Buy Irish campaign. Seán O’Hegarty had a .22 rifle which the older boys used occasionally, they were also given a .22 by the caretaker of the ITGWU office caretaker. They boys were given use of the ITGWU’s offices as well for one of its slua. The other slua used the Volunteers’ premises in Sheare’s St. Fian Liam O’Callaghan succeeded Christy Monahan as scoutmaster, then followed by Seámus Courtney. Seámus Courtney and his close friend Seán Healy would establish themselves as vital organisers for Cork Na Fianna in this period. They organised throughout the city and beyond, in areas such as Blackrock, Youghal, Cobh and Riverstown.
The 1914 split in the Volunteers over Redmonds’ call to enlist in the British Army had little effect on Na Fianna, nationally and regionally in Cork City. Na Fianna was organised for a longer period than the Volunteers and there was a greater dedication to republican ideals, as opposed to the strong Redmondite constitutional nationalism which was present in the Volunteers. Na Fianna continued to have strong relations with the Irish Volunteers after the split. Its role after the outbreak of the war was to organise against the incessant recruitment drives, ahead of the possibility of conscription being spread to Ireland. However, as conditions changed, Na Fianna’s role changed significantly. Up to 1915, it was primarily a scouting organisation, with those interested in more militaristic activities joining the Volunteers as they became of age. However, in response to the growing militarisation of Irish society, Na Fianna shifted more towards a military organisation, with its key role being that of a training ground for future volunteers. Firing practice with small arms increased, with some of the older boys being given revolvers for personal use. This was in preparation for the rising of Easter Week.
Some of Cork’s Volunteer and Fianna officers in 1916
Easter and after
Ammunition had been moved throughout the city by na fianna in the week previous to the Rising. Older Fianna travelled to Cork, with 6 Fianna coming from Cobh. Up to 24 Fianna met with the Volunteers at Sheare’s St. With members carrying shotguns and revolvers, they marched with the Volunteers. However, Eoin MacNeill’s countermanding order caused confusion and the Rising in Cork was called off, with members being told to assemble again tommorow. On Easter Monday, the Rising began in Dublin. The Volunteers barricaded themselves in Sheare’s St, with the countermanding order preventing an attempt at a rising in Cork. The boys of Na Fianna were tasked with monitoring RIC activity along the railways and the barracks throughout Easter Week. In the aftermath of the Rising, the Fianna continued to parade and drill. Seámus Courtney and Seán Healy were arrested, with Courtney sentenced to 3 months hard labour. When Volunteers would return back from Frongoth to Cork, the Fianna would march to meet them. This caused obvious friction with the RIC, with baton charges against the crowd being common. On one occasion, slua commander PJ Murphy fired at and wounded an RIC man, wounding him. This was despite the Volunteers issuing strict orders to the boys not to use weapons without permission. Murphy was called to an inquiry, where he was temporarily stripped of his slua command. However, while on his way out, Tomás MacCurtain clapped him on the back, saying “I wish we could get the same spirit into the Volunteers.”
After 1916, Seámus Courtney (now released) and Seán Healy ran a concert to raise morale in the city. The concert was a success, with Markievicz herself attending. It succeeded in raising morale in the city and keeping the flame lit in the city after 1916. At this point, Cork had 2 slua, south and north of the River Lee, with about 100 members. Fian Charles Meaney said of this period “ During 1917 and 1918, our activities consisted of drilling, general training of a military nature, lectures in first aid and rifle shooting.” It was clear which way things were going, even after the Rising. Fianna’s headquarters were switched around several times, moving around from An Grianán, Queen St., South Main St., Pope’s Quay and North Main Street. Na Fianna was active in the 1918 General Election, distributing leaflets, putting up posters and participating in Sinn Féin’s propaganda efforts. This election was a significant success for republicanism, with SF winning 73 out of 108 seats, and the first Dáil Éireann formed. Na Fianna continued to wear its uniforms in this period, despite the British military’s ban on military attire.
As the guerilla phase of the revolution grew in intensity, na fianna played a key role. A 3rd slua was formed in early 1919, mainly as a reserve force of around 30. There was still strict discipline placed on the boys by the volunteers, with weapons having to be confiscated regurlarly for unauthorised use! Na Fianna had several roles in this period, as a supporting force for the IRA. Na Fianna carried out raids on private houses for arms. On one occasion on 7 March, 1920, 5 Fianna raiding a house owned by a prominent Loyalist for arms, in Douglas, were arrested. However, the local IRA visited the staff and ensured there was no incriminating evidence against the boys. On another occasion, a lorry carrying jam for British forces was stolen, with the provisions being given to families of IRA prisoners. Bicycles of Loyalists were also taken for IRA and Na Fianna use, such as for carrying messages between flying columns. Individual Black and Tans were also targeted and their weapons stolen when opportunity presented itself. Fian E. Keating disarmed a Black and Tan single-handedly on Maylor St. Fianna also carried out a successful operation against the GPO in Cork whichw as transporting communications between British units. British mail vehicles were burnt, with the contents destroyed. No Fianna or civilians were harmed in the operation which was carried out in a very disciplined way. However, this was a war, and Na Fianna in Cork City were not without tragedies.
Fian Seámus Courtney was born in Hibernian Buildings, Albert Rd. Ballintemple. He joined Na Fianna Éireann just after leaving school at age 15 in 1912. He established himself as someone with exemplary leadership qualities, not just in Na Fianna, but also in the Volunteers were he was later to become an officer. At the 1915 NFÉ Limerick Convention, he was elected Officer Commanding Munster. Seán Healy, his close friend and also a noted leader, took over Courtney’s former duties in Cork. He was in charge of mobilising the Fianna in Cork City during the Easter mobilisations and was responsible for re-organising in the city after 1916. As mentioned above, he served 3 months hard labour after being arrested in 1917. After release, a presentation was made to him by his comrades in the local Fianna. His organisational skills, such as in the concert after 1916, which re-energised Cork, and his organising of Na Fianna in county areas impressed the likes of MacCurtain and McSwiney, and he was co-opted onto the Battalion Council of the Irish Volunteers. He was arrested again in October 1917 and immediately began a hunger strike in protest, being released 4 days later. However, his health rapidly declined after this in response to the hunger strike, his time hard labouring, ill treatment while in prison and the stress of his constant organising duties. He had a job with the ITGWU which he was forced to resign, also resigning his Fianna position due to his health. He left Cork to live on his aunt’s farm in Co. Kerry, where he wasn’t forgotten by his comrades, with Seán Healy being a visitor. Seámus Courtney passed away on 18 July, 1918. His funeral was large, with Na Fianna and republican Cork paying their respects to their fallen and tireless comrade. In recogntion of his abilities, he kept his rank of O/C Munster until his death. Three revolver volleys were fired over his coffin in salute, with the RIC unable to capture any of the firing party. This was significant as it was the first time since Easter Week that guns were brought back into the struggle, and by Cork Na Fianna. A local newspaper said of Courtney’s funeral: “The cortege was the most imposing and impressive witnessed in Cork for years. The final scenes at the graveside were touching in the extreme.”
Unfortunately, this was not an isolated tragedy. Fian Joseph Reid was one of 4 Cobh section leaders and one of the firing party in Seámus Courtney’s funeral. While cleaning his revolver, it went off and he was killed. He was only 17 years old. His brother, also a young Fian, removed the revolver before the RIC could arrive. He died just 2 days after Courtney, on 20 July, 1918. His funeral was also impressive, with Na Fianna, Cumann na mBán and the Volunteers being present. Joe raid place in Cobh is named after him.
Four prominent members of the Cobh Fianna Eireann branch in 1917 https://fiannaeireannhistory.wordpress.com/2014/06/30/na-fianna-eireann-in-cobh-co-cork/
In Co. Galway, a Cork Fian called Seámus Quirke was killed by British auxiliaries on 9 September 1920. He was 23 years old and worked in a jewellers. He was killed in reprisal for the killing of Krumm, an RIC man who was noted for targeting civilians. Seámus Quirke is buried in St. Finbarr’s Cemetery, Cork.
Fian Christopher Lucey was shot dead by British forces at Tureen Dubh, Ballingeary on 10 November 1920. He was 22 years old and from No. 3, Pembroke St. He was “one of a family who for generations made sacrifices for the Irish cause.” A medicine student at UCC, he was imprisoned previously and transferred to Mountjoy, where he was released after a hunger strike. He went on the run and during this time was made a section commander of the IRA. In one notable incident, he took part in a hold-up of Auxiliary transports, disarming them and securing 2 lorries. He was staying with cousins in Ballingeary when he was killed while “trying to escape”, British code for executed. It was said at the time that “it may be thought that the incident connected with his death would strike terror into the hearts of his countrymen, but, on the contrary, it will only nerve his countrymen to continue their resistance and perservere to the end.” Cork Republican Tadhg Barry also said defiantly of his death “the people who shot him may shoot us and kill us , but they will never succeed in terrorising us.”
Only a week after Christopher Lucey’s death, Fian Patrick Hanley was to be killed. He was 17 years old when he was killed by the Black and Tans in his home in Grattan/Broad St. This was part of a series of murders by the Black and Tans in the area, with a civilian and former British soldier, Eugene O’Connell also being killed on the same day. Hanley, as the sole man of the house, was the sole support of his widowed mother and sisters. In retaliation for the IRA killing of an RIC man, a police spy gave away the identity of the IRA volunteers responsible. Hanley’s home was mistaken for the home of one of the volunteers and was broken into, Haney was confronted by the Black and Tans who shot him. He died instantly. A Na Fianna guard of honour was present at his funeral, where the local Fianna said that “in the service of Ireland he lost his life.” A volley of shots were fired over his grave in St. Finbarr’s Cemetery. Years later, a plaque was erected at his home and scene of his murder by members of the Cork Old Na Fianna Association, with the tricolour that was present on the day the very same tricolour that was draped over his coffin.
Winding down and further tragedies
The 1922 Truce was overwhelmingly rejected by the Na Fianna. The vast majority of members opposed it. The new Free State was in no way more lenient than the British to the Fianna. During a Fianna Ard Fheis, a Cork delegate was wounded when Free State forces opened fire on the building. This was because Michael Collins was travelling around Dublin city centre and the Free State wished to distract the republicans.
In was in this context that Fian Richard Noonan lost his life. Richard Noonan was from ’98 Street in the city. Along with other republicans, he was imprisoned by the Free State in Cork county gaol, in what is now UCC. He had only been imprisoned for short period, with his father saying at the inquiry into his death that he only saw his son 6 weeks before. Richard Noonan died on 11 October 1922. The cause of death was determined to be heart disease. He was only aged 18 years old at this time. Noonan’s Road in Cork City, where he lived, was named after him.
The end of the Civil War didn’t end the tragedies in Na Fianna. Fian James Pyne lived in the Old Youghal Road, Mayfield. He held the rank of adjutant in NFÉ and played for the local Sarsfield H&F club, who passed a motion of sympathy after his death. (thanks to Colum Radford for this information) James Pyne was involved in the republican hunger strike in Newbridge, where over 1,700 were on the strike, with 70 on hunger strike in Cork gaol. This strike was held to secure amnesty for republican prisoners and end the civil war. The damage done to Fian Pyne did irreperable damage to his health and he passed away on 10 November, 1924. He is buried in St. Finbarr’s Cemetery.
Research and story by Graham Harrington (c)
Patrick O’Connell, Fianna Eireann, Foynes, Limerick
“I have a vivid recollection of the Irish Volunteers Parade in Limerick City on Whit Sunday, May 23rd 1915. I was at that time a member of Fianna Eireann and just 16 years of age. We subscribed for and bought our own Fianna uniforms then. The green hats we got from Lawlors of Fownes Street, Dublin. In company with Michael Sheehan, another Fianna boy, also of Foynes, we donned our uniforms and set out for Limerick on our bikes that Sunday morning, arriving at the Fianna Hall before the start of the Parade. A large number of the Fianna took part in the march with the Volunteers through the City. Of the many exciting incidents during the route, I still clearly remember one when, as we passed over (I think the Sarsfield Bridge) a battalion of British soldiers came marching by and apparently, some of them passed insulting remarks about the flag borne by the Meelick, Clare Company, and heated words took place between Paddy Brennan and the officer in charge of the British, but the incident finished there.
After the Parade we returned to the Fianna Hall to receive instructions regarding the Fianna Convention to be held next day, (Whit Monday) and to which we had been invited as delegates from the Foynes Sluagh. Our invitation to the Parade and Fianna Convention, as far as I recollect, was in the form of a printed card bearing the name of James Leddan. James Leddan, Sean Houston and Con Colbert were to preside. Most of the Fianna were billeted in the Hall that Sunday night, but we were directed to a house in Davis Street. As we passed by Pery Square a man stepped from the shadow of a doorway and stopped us. He advised us not to proceed further in that uniform, so he procured us two raincoats and caps which we put on and got safely to our digs. Later that night Joe Dalton arrived with some Dublin Fianna who were armed with revolvers. We cycled home to Foynes on Whit Monday evening. Con Colbert visited Foynes soon after, and the local Fianna discussed future plans and organisation with him in the Workmen’s Club, afterwards burned down by the Black-and-Tans. The Fianna here threw in their lot with the Irish Volunteers at the split.”
Patrick O’Connell’s witness statement, given to the Bureau of Military History in 1949, can be read at the following link: http://www.bureauofmilitaryhistory.ie/reels/bmh/BMH.WS0329.pdf
Photograph credit: Limerick Leader newspaper archives
Mr. Eamon Martin, former Chief of Staff Fianna Eireann, carrying the wreath at the annual Easter Rising commemoration at Arbour Hill in 1959. Also in the photograph are: Frank Robbins, Vincent Byrne, Nora Connolly-O’Brien, Seamus Brennan, Peter Nolan and Jimmy O’Connor.
Photo courtesy of Eamon Murphy and the Eamon Martin Collection.
Fantastic image of Fianna Eireann Officers from Dun Laoghaire (1916-21) sent in to us by Jason Walsh-McLean and James Brady. James is conducting research on Fianna Eireann in the Dun Laoghaire area. If anyone has information on any of the veterans in the photograph or on the Fianna in Dun Laoghaire in general then please contact us or post a comment below. Thanks.
“Seaghán Mooney of the Glasgow based William Nelson Slua, Na Fianna Éireann.
This slua was formed by Joe Robinson and Seamus Dempsey, who had previously been members of the Belfast slua which was also named after the martyred boy patriot of 1798.”
Photograph and caption courtesy of Stephen Coyle and the 1916 Rising Centenary Committee (Scotland)
Tóibín Pádraic (Patrick Tobin), Enniscorthy Sluagh, Wexford Brigade, Fianna Éireann.
Born in 1904 aged about 12 years old at the time of the Rising. He joined Na Fianna in 1915. He was not arrested or detained after the Rising. He re-joined Na Fianna on reorganisation in 1917 and served throughout the War of Independence. During the Rising he was involved in delivering dispatches and came under fire when delivering a dispatch to an outpost at Kilagawley. On the Sunday of the surrender he helped to dump arms. From 1917 on he served as a Battalion Quartermaster and Brigade Vice Officer Commanding Fianna Eireann. He took part in raids for arms and mails, the destruction of Belfast Boycott goods, a raid for petrol on the Enniscorthy Railway Station and a raid on the Income Tax office in Enniscorthy.
In 1920 and 1921 he travelled to Dublin on a number of occasions carrying despatches and reports and British codes captured by the I.R.A. in County Wexford which he passed on to Gearoid O’ Sullivan, Adjutant General of the I.R.A. In October 1920 he was arrested and detained in Cork and Waterford until released in March 1921. During the Truce Period 12th of July 1921 to the 30th of June 1922 he continued his Fianna Eireann activities. At the outbreak of the Civil War in June 1922 he served with the Anti-Treaty I.R.A. forces in the fighting against National Army troops in Enniscorthy. After a period on the run he returned to Enniscorthy in November 1922. As a reporter for the “Enniscorthy Echo” newspaper he was able to gather information from a National Army officer named Commandant McCrea stationed in Gorey, County Wexford regarding the movement of Government forces. In March 1923 he was arrested and interned until December 1923, taking part in a 14 day hunger strike during his period of detention.
Nicholas Hendrick, Fianna Eireann attached to A Company, Wexford Brigade, Irish Volunteers.
Born on the 18th of July 1900 he was 15 years old at the time of the Rising. He fought at Keegan’s Irish Street, the Athenaeum, Edermine Bridge, Borrmount Cross and the Court House in Enniscorthy. He joined Fianna Eireann in March 1916. He was not arrested or detained after the Rising. He joined the Volunteers on reorganisation in 1917 and served throughout the War of Independence. Although he had no official part in the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War he did help Anti-Treaty forces whenever he could.
Research and biographies courtesy of Brendan Lee at http://www.irishmedals.org
Photograph by ‘Knights and Rebels’, a blog for Enniscorthy’s historic sites: Enniscorthy Castle, National 1798 Rebellion Centre and the Vinegar Hill Battlefield.
Commandant Louis A. Marie (1900-1957)
Louis Albert Marie was born in Dublin in 1900. His father, Charles Marie, was a well-known travelling photographer originally from France. After arriving from France, Charles first settled in Limerick where he met a local girl Bridget O’Connor, who he subsequently married. They had their first daughter, Marguerite, while still living in Limerick. In 1898 they made the move to Dublin and settled in Lower Sherrand Street, on the north side of the city. It was here where Louis Marie was born. In 1911, the Marie family moved to Fairview Strand and by this stage the family had welcomed another three children, all girls, to the fold. Louis was educated at O’Connell Schools.
In 1912 Louis joined Na Fianna Eireann and was a member of An Cead Sluagh, which was based in Camden Street; he later transferred to the Merchant’s Quay Fianna branch. Louis Marie became one of the most active, loyal and trusted younger members of the scouting organization, and was part of Countess Markievicz’s renowned ‘Surrey House Clique’.
In 1914 he took park in the Howth gunrunning. In 1915 Louis joined the Irish Volunteers while still remaining a member of the Fianna. He was attached to ‘B’ Coy of the 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade Irish Volunteers.
On Easter Monday, 1916 he was one of the Fianna party which attempted to blow up the ammunition stores in the Magazine Fort at the Phoenix Park, which was to be the signal to start the Easter Rising. They were partially successful in their attempt to blow up the explosives. Included in this mission amongst others were Paddy Daly, Eamon and Christopher Martin, Garry and Paddy Holahan, Tim Roche, Sean Ford, Barney Mellows and Paddy Boland.
Magazine Fort Phoenix Park Dublin
Following this mission, Louis proceeded to the GPO and then onto Annesley Bridge at Fairview until Tuesday afternoon when they pulled back to the GPO. He remained at the GPO for the remainder of the week until the surrender at Moore Street. Following his arrest he was held at Richmond Barracks until 30th April and on the 1st May was sent to Stafford Jail in England but was released six weeks later on account of his age.
Back in Dublin, Louis Marie, now living in Grantham Street with his family, began assisting with the reorganization of his old Fianna unit, under the command of senior officer Theo Fitzgerald. He also received a small allowance from the National Aid for about three weeks following his release, to enable him to get back on his feet and obtain employment. For a short period, he was also attached to ‘C’ Company of the 3rd Battalion Irish Volunteers.
In 1918, he began work as a seaman/sailor on routes between Dublin and Liverpool, and later on between Liverpool and the United States. This enabled Marie to act as a sort of liaison officer and messenger between the Fianna (and IRA) in Dublin, and the movement in the UK and the US.
In March 1920, due to being a dual Irish/ French citizen, Marie was conscripted into the French Army and he served for almost two years until December 1921.
French soldiers heading out to be the Army of the Rhine in 1921
He returned to Ireland almost immediately, sided with the Pro-Treaty faction and subsequently joined the Free State National Army in March 1922. He was stationed at Beggar’s Bush Barracks during the Civil war and saw little action. By 1924 he held the rank of Commandant. He later served at the Curragh in Kildare until he resigned from full time duties in the Defence Forces in 1929.
In 1926, Louis Marie married Eileen McGonigal, sister of former Fianna member and artist Maurice McGonigal, R.H.A.
Louis Marie was appointed Postmaster of Leeson Street Post Office in Dublin in the early 1930’s.
In 1936 Louis Marie was one of twelve former Irish Volunteer/Fianna 1916 veterans who signed the Magazine Fort Garrison Roll of Honour. However, the Roll of Honour did not accurately reflect the number of participants at the Magazine Fort; it is estimated that there was between 17-20 men/boys who took part in the raid. Several ‘Fort’ combatants signed other garrison list such as the Four Courts, GPO and South Dublin Union; several refused to sign the Roll of Honour and a number died or had emigrated.
During the ‘Emergency’ years (1939-45), Louis Marie re-joined the Defence Forces and was attached to the Western Command, and stationed at Galway and Athlone.
Irish Examiner September 1957
In 1946 after he left the army, he became assistant manager of the Theatre Royal Dublin, and later manager of the Cabra Grand Cinema and then the Theatre de Luxe in Camden Street, close to where he was a member of the Fianna all those years before. He eventually returned to the Royal as Manager and later became internal auditor of Odeon and Irish Cinema Ltd.
On 1st September 1957, Louis Marie, by now living in Blackrock, Co. Dublin, became seriously ill and sadly passed away. He was buried at Deansgrange Cemetery in Dublin. Full military honours were rendered at the graveside by a firing party from the Army. The last post was sounded by a bugler. The pall-bearers were veterans and former comrades from An Cead Slugh, pre-1916 Fianna Eireann. The attendance included artist Maurice McGonigle, R.H.A. (brother-in-law), the Lord Mayor of Dublin and several members of the Old Fianna, including Sean Saunders, Harry Walpole, Seamus Kavanagh, Seamus Pounch, Christopher ‘Kit’ Martin, Eamon Martin, Robert Holland and Albert Dyas.
An oil painting of Commandant Marie, by his brother-in-law, Maurice McGonigal, R.H.A., was commissioned by the Irish Defence Forces for display in the officers’ mess in McKee Barracks. It is not known if it still on display.
Research and article by Eamon Murphy